Android Versions from A to Oreo: History, Features and Benefits

Cupcakes, Donut, Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice-Cream Sandwich, Jelly-bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo. These are the sweet official names of android versions. You might have tasted one or more sweet treats from Android on your Smartphone. The Android has made many people of the world capable of having a microcomputer in their pockets. The history of Android has been great and it quite interesting and debatable that almost all the Android versions names are based on the most famous sweets and desserts.

History of Android

Android has a quite interesting history for its version to study. The sweet names of its versions are well known and appreciated worldwide.

Google released its first beta version of Android OS, Android 1.0 in November 2007. The first official name for Android version started from Android 1.5 -Cupcake. After that, the sweet treat from Google goes on with its sweet candy or desert style code names for yearly updates. The reason behind these sweet names remains unknown.
In 2008, HTC launched its first Android phone.

The Android logo “Andy” is a combination of a robot and a green bug. Google has displayed the mascot and the statue of its current version of Android in California. Every year it comes up with new functions from Android 2.0 in 2010 to Android 8.0 in 2017.

Google keeps its journey on from its first version 1.0 to the latest version 8.0 with more and more features added to it. The popularity of Android has been at a very fast pace. Users prefer Android OS more than Windows and iOS.

All about Android and its features from alpha to oreo explained

Here is the timeline for Android Versions (1 to 8):

  •  Android highlighted in the year 2005 when the Technology Giant “Google” acquired it. In 2007, Android discloses its open-source platform for mobile devices and launched the very first version Android 1.0. The Android Version 1.0 is an alpha version for T-mobiles. The features start with virtual keyboard and uploading of videos on YouTube.
  • Android brought the CDMA version (Android 1.6 –Donut) in 2009. It is a watershed moment for Android. The number of users jumps quite high after this.
  •  Android 2.0 versions come with HTML 5 Compatibility. Gingerbread Version brought the front camera feature.
  • Android 3.0 Honeycomb is completely Tablet version. Android Ice-Cream Sandwich is a merger of tablet-OS and Mobile-OS.
  • Android 4.0 Jellybean released Google Now. It is super-improved voice assistant. It is more customizable and powerful version. Android KitKat comes with new technology feature in which even the devices with only 512 MB RAM can run the OS smoothly.
  • Lollipop is the modern android. The material –design approach and a Lock-Screen feature is a revolution in the Android timeline.
  • Android 6.0 Marshmallow comes with a new maintenance feature of Apps and official fingerprint sensor support.
  • Android-N Nougat brought multi-window support and split-screen views.
  • Android Oreo has a superhero in its logo. Let’s see How much high the latest version Oreo will fly.

Benefits and features of Android

  • Control with different devices- An Android phone can be controlled from other devices like PC, laptop.
  • App Integration-Android has amazing feature of App Integration. For Example, if you want to make a call by Google voice, you can integrate Google Voice directly to the Android OS, and your phone dialer automatically makes your calls from Google Voice. The Apps like voicemail, SMS, and Google Voice are seamlessly integrated to your Android.
  • Near Field Communication -This technology is used to allow electronic devices to easily interact across short distances. This is used for digital payment. It is also used for instant sharing between two NFC devices.
  • Wireless App Download -You can download apps on your PC and then automatically synch them to android.
  • Customized Widgets-You can customize your phone, as Android comes with a feature of Resizable Widgets.
  • Google Cloud Messaging-GCM is a service by which developers can directly send short messages to the Android devices.
  • Some other features of Android are its Accessibility buttons, Adaptive icons, Ambient Screen and downloadable fonts.

Let us study the Android Versions and their features in details:

Let’s study all versions of Android, starting with the latest version; Android 8.0 -Oreo.

14 Android 8.0[Oreo]

This is the latest version of Android launched in March, 2017, also known as Android-O. The statue of Android Oreo version depicts the mascot itself as a flying superhero. It is available as Google’s Open source project. It is 2× boot speed than the earlier version. It minimizes the background App activities and saves the battery power.

Features– Oreo comes with a lot of new visual changes in the setting menu. It surprised us with 60 new set of Emojis. The new features are:
⦁ AutoFill API
⦁ Notification settings
⦁ Battery Life-saver
⦁ Picture-to-picture mode (Two apps at a time)

13 Android 7.0 [Nougat]

Launched Year: 2016

Nougat comes with a new feature of Google Assistant. It is the sweetest version for the Gamers. The new features of Virtual Reality mode provide a wonderful experience for Gamers.

Features– The best feature of Nougat is Multitasking. The new features are:

⦁ Split-screen mode
⦁ It allows you to open two apps at-a-time.
⦁ Virtual Reality Mode
⦁ Quick Notification Settings

12. Android 6.0 [Marshmallow]

Launched Year: 2015

Android 6.0 launched in 2015. With this version, the app menu has almost changed. It comes with a memory manager, to manage the memory usage efficiently. Basically, Marshmallow targeted at the back-end like a switch to new JIT compiler for faster 3D rendering. It also supports the Virtual Reality Platform.

Features: The new feature of fingerprint sensors significantly improves the security and it distinguishes this version from earlier ones. Other features are USB Type-C support, Android Pay, Vertical scrolling app drawer.
Android Marshmallow comes with promising features:

⦁ Memory manager
⦁ Volume controls
⦁ Security features.

11. Android 5.0 [Lollipop]

Launched Year: 2014

The launch of Lollipop version is a watershed moment in the Android Journey. Android Lollipop launched with the Nexus 6. The introduction to material-design concept is a significant change in the history of Android.
Features: The new features are:
⦁ Support for dual SIM
⦁ Voice calls
⦁ Device Protection (The device protection is used to keep your phones safe from imposters even after a factory reset).

10. Android 4.0 [Ice-Cream Sandwich]

Launched Year: 2011

Google paired up with Samsung and released Galaxy Nexus that comes with Ice Cream Sandwich. It introduces the new feature of unlocking by using its camera to take a picture of owner’s face.
Features:

⦁ Face Unlock
⦁ Data usage analysis
⦁ New apps for mail and calendar
⦁ Swipe to dismiss notifications
⦁ On-screen buttons.

9. Android 4.1 [Jelly Bean]

Launched Year: 2012

This version has almost same features as its predecessor versions. The quick swipe feature of this version is quite promising. The calendar event, emails, facebook notifications all comes to a single screen.
It created the ground for the upcoming Google’s new Google Assistant. It also comes with a feature of Project Butter, which is to improve the Android touch. It provides a smoother experience.
Features:
⦁ Expandable notifications
⦁ Widget flexibility
⦁ Better touch experience.

8. Android 4.4 [Kitkat]

Launched Year: 2013

This version comes with the launch of Nexus 5. It comes with a modernized look. KitKat has a new search command that is “Ok, Google”. It comes with new Hangout App and new phone dialer.
Features:
⦁ Faster Multi-tasking
⦁ Google Cloud Print
⦁ Quick access to Google drive files
⦁ Create and edit documents using Quick-Office

7. Android 3.0 [Honeycomb]

Launched Year: 2011

This version targeted the tablets and it first comes in a Motorola device. Its user interface is designed for large screens

Honeycomb switched to blue accents, and it avails the preview of individual widgets.

Features: It removed the physical button and come up with home, back and menu buttons as virtual buttons.
This version is the platform for Tablets. It works amazingly with larger screens. So, Honeycomb is completely different from its earlier version and Tablet-Specific OS.

6. Android 2.0 [Éclair]

Launched Year: 2009

This is the android version that comes with Google map navigation, HTML 5 browser support, and a new lock screen. It offered live wallpapers and many other features. This HTML support distinguish it from the
Earlier versions of Android.
Features: The new features are:
⦁ Turn-by-Turn navigation
⦁ Voice guidance
⦁ Text-to-Speech support.
Google added HTML 5 to revamp the new operating system. It avails the user to swipe to unlock like on the iPhone.

5. Android 2.2 [Froyo]

Launched Year: 2010

Froyo is short for “Frozen Yogurt”. Android 2.2 aimed at offering more refined home screen. It redesigned the gallery app. This is the first version that brings hotspot support.
Features: The new features of Froyo were:
It comes with PIN lock screen. The power features are Wi-Fi mobile hotspot function, push notifications, and flash support.

4. Android 2.3 [Gingerbread]

Launched Year: 2010

This release comes with Nexus S that is derived from the Galaxy S by Samsung. This comes with new stock widgets and refined home screen. It worked on the video chat support in Google Talk.

Features: The features of Gingerbread are:
⦁ Improved keyboard (Virtual Keyboard)
⦁ Support for front-facing camera (For Selfie)

3. Android 1.0

This is the first version of Android (the alpha version). It comes with pull-down notifications. The Google play store is one significant feature of Android Operating System.

Features: Home screen widgets and integration with Gmail are new features of this version.

2. Android 1.5 [Cupcake]

Cupcake is the first official name for Android versions. It was the first release of Android for third-party widgets.

Features: The new features in Cupcake are third-party widgets, on-screen keyboard and Video Capture.

1. Android 1.6 [Donut]

The year is 2009. Donut comes with the support of CDMA network. It makes android more user-friendly by introducing the quick search box. It also includes Camcorder and seamless toggling between cameras.

Features: There are various features of Donut. These are:

  • CDMA- Code Division Multiple Access
  • Quick search box
  • Power Control Widgets for managing Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and GPS.

The feature of CDMA distinguishes it from its earlier alpha release and Cupcake. The popularity of Android platform takes a boom after CDMA revolution in Android Donut Version.

Why Android is the most preferred OS for mobiles and used more than iOS and Windows?

Android is the most preferred Operating System for Smartphone. It is more popular than iOS and Windows OS. The popularity of Android has risen significantly. It got positive responses from the users.

Here are some features that keep Android at Top:

  • The Open source part of Android OS is the best part. A user can download the updated versions on their phones. It also adds the speed-up your phone feature.
  •  Android devices are compatible with Google account. The services like Gmail, Google Maps, Calendar, and Google Docs are easily accessible.
  • The App tray offered by Android is more useful than the App icon-filled home screen of Apple. Apple iOS didn’t change much from its basic first version. On the other hand, window OS comes with live adjustable tiles. Android comes with a feature of having optional widgets added to the home screen.
  • The Open marketplace, that is Google Play Store is quite promising and is synchronized with the phone. This most preferred OS has the ability to run multiple apps.
  • Android OS is more customizable than any other OS. You can customize different widgets on your phone, whereas the iOS is a rigid platform.
  •  Android offered more innovations than windows and iOS. It offered new hardware and software like WiFi Direct, multiple User Account, and WebP images.
  • Most of the Play Store Apps are free for Android.
  •  Android offered you the best storage space and better screen resolution.
  •  Your Android phone can be controlled from your laptop. There is VNC in your iOS for this but it is not the same function as Android.
  • The iOS is much costlier; it is also one of the major reasons for Android dominating the market. Android is the most flexible operating system.
    These are the benefits and features of Android Operating System that make it the most popular OS in the world. Almost all Smartphone, Tablet, and other gadgets come with Android.

Final Words:

Android is one of the most preferred Operating System for SmartPhones right now. Capturing around 80% of the OS market, this Google product has brought the power of PC to the hands of the people at no extra cost. With every version of Android, new feature and more security are added and this gives a tough competition to the Apple’s IOS. With the massive use of the Android Operating Systems in mobiles, you must also want the best Android Games without what an Android Phone is incomplete.

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