Top 13 Programming Languages to learn in 2018

No other field of study has soared so high in such a short span as did computing. Computers have taken over all aspects of technology and it seems just the beginning. Same is the case with Software and IT industry. With a rise in automation and global communication, the software industry keeps on expanding. It is employing numerous job-seekers at an incredible pace for more than a decade. New technologies like the Internet of things, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, etc. have just boosted the phenomenon. And at the core of all these advancements lies programming languages.

The only way we know to instruct machines is programming or we can say that the only medium to communicate with computers is programming. Millions of line of codes are being written every day to keep computers and humans as well as humans and humans connected. So, you can safely remark that programming languages are one of the most fundamental elements of the computing world.

Many programming languages are introduced every year, which differ in programming paradigms, syntax, and semantics. But you can develop any kind of software with just five or six or even less number of programming languages, so why bother about learning new languages? The answer is rapidly changing trends in the software industry.

The languages that were considered cool once may seem redundant now. The increase in the abstraction with new-age languages may tempt you to try them. There are many other factors like readability, cost of maintenance, learning curve, etc. which dictate the adoption of a new language.

And the most important thing which inspires developers to learn new languages is market demand. You would not like to be left behind and feel outdated. To keep your profile up-to-date and ensure that you always get a position in the industry, you must keep a watch on the trends and should not hesitate to give new languages a try.

Here we have presented Top 13 languages which you must learn in 2018. Some of them have topped the charts for quite a few times and some may come as surprise but we have compiled only the facts here.


The most popular language in the world now that is Javascript for you. From front-end web development to animations, Javascript is everywhere. With its release as a client-side language in browsers in 1995 by Mozilla, Javascript went up to encompass all field of software development.

It is being successfully used in web development, graphics designing and server-side as well with Node.js. Different Javascript frameworks like Angular, ExpressJS, Vue top charts in different industries and same is the case with libraries like React. Javascript is easy to learn, weakly typed and quite flexible.


Microsoft developed C# to counter the Java wave. C# is a general purpose multi-paradigm language. It is intended to develop software component, and it is the leading technology used by Microsoft for its different projects. Unity game engine adopted C#, which makes C# a dominating language in game development.

It has a large following, and it is ranked fourth most popular language in recent times according to many developer surveys. It is being effectively used in web development as well. C# is the language of choice for third-party Windows software, which is a pretty large market in itself.


Sun Microsystems released Java in 1996 and advertised its support for platform-independence as its USP. WORA-Write once and Run anywhere attracted the attention of the developers, but Java turned out to be more useful than expected. It was one of the few languages which championed object-oriented programming.

It is robust, portable and secure. The exception handling, type checking, and other features enforced security and made Java reliable enough to be used for web development to system programs. Another major plus for Java is scalability.

Java is one of the rare languages which can manage very large development products. TIOBE Index recorded Java as the most used language for last four years and it is one of the most sought-after languages by employers.


Python is gaining more and more followers every day. StackOverflow Developers Survey named it ‘the most wanted’ language by professional developers. Guido van Rossum developed Python in 1991 as a pet project but it took the developers by storm. Python is very easy to learn and that’s why it is the introductory programming language in most of the Universities.

The flat learning curve and readability of Python code are not the only reason for its success. Python has proved to be efficient for Data Science and Machine Learning technologies. It is being extensively used in Artificial Intelligence research and development all around the world.

And with a growing demand for Python developers, it is the best time to adopt it and take a lead in the industry.


Yukihiro Matsumoto designed and developed Ruby in the mid-1990s, keeping in mind programmer productivity. Ruby shares similarity in syntax with Python. It is a very flexible language and there are many ways to do a single thing. Ruby has maintained its position in top languages for a long time.

Ruby on Rails, the full-stack web development framework is the choice of many successful enterprises to develop web applications. Ruby has been featured as one of the top paying technology and it is your one-stop solution for web development as well.


No other language has grown so fast as Swift. It was released by Apple in 2014 and within 4 years, it is one of the most used and loved language. Swift was developed as an alternative to Objective-C. It is the premier language for iOS development and all other Apple developments. Swift is very user-friendly and fun to use.

The career prospects for Swift are best in class. Swift is open-source, which has resulted in its diversification and it will be no surprise if it gains a place in other niches. Server-side Swift is being developed and promoted by IBM. With backing from two tech giants, IBM and Apple, the future of Swift are bright and secure.


If you care about machine performance as much as human productivity, Go is the way to go. It incorporates performance superiority of C, C++, Java, and abstraction of modern languages. Go was developed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson and Rob Pike in 2009. It quickly rose to prominence and was named programming language of the year by TIOBE Index in the year 2016.

Go is very easy to learn and promotes clean and precise code. It is speculated that Go is the server language of the future and it may emerge as a major alternative to C++ and Java. Go is scalable, cost-saving and high-performance language. Go is the most sought-after language in the US and pays well. It is open-source and widely used by Google, IBM, Adobe and other tech giants.


The old seer, all-powerful C has managed to not only survive in the industry for more than 4 decades, it is still thriving. Every one trust C and you are not missing any fun with it. C was developed by Dennis Ritchie in the 1970s at Bell Laboratories as a general-purpose programming language.

The new language met an unprecedented welcome by the developers at that time and soon it dominated the computing world. The best thing about C is its support for low-level programming which let you meddle with middleware. The memory management in C is another powerful tool to leverage machine’s ability for a better program.

The embedded systems are gaining popularity and they are soon going to rule the world and what powers them? You guessed it right, C is at the vanguard of this revolution. Most of the system and application programs like Linux kernel, Windows Kernel, major databases were written using C so C is going to hang around for a long time.


Larry Wall developed Perl in 1987 as a general-purpose scripting language. Perl was widely accepted by the UNIX and C community and it was one of the few languages used in early web development. Perl was dropped by many developers in early 2000 in favor of modern scripting languages like Python but with the redesign of Perl, it is as good as any other modern scripting language. Perl has a large supportive community.

CPAN, a library of modules, helps you incorporate all types of functionalities without writing new code. Perl is good for quick prototyping complex programs. Perl 6, the new version, is emerging as an alternative to Python and have high hopes for the future.


In the times of object-oriented dominance, if I tell you functional programming has a small niche secured, you might not believe it. Haskell is a pure functional language with strong static typing, developed in 1990. It produces clean and precise code with numerous benefits of functional programming like monads.

Haskell has its place in TIOBE Index and other developers survey. Haskell programmers bag large sum of money as salary but the real motivation for learning Haskell is the introduction to a new way of coding that is functional programming.


The most loved programming language as reported by StackOverflow Developers Survey. Rust was originally designed by Mozilla to develop best-in-class browser in 2010. Rust was soon adopted by a large community because it is fast and really well-designed.

Rust is highly safe, concurrent and high performance(comparable to C++). Rust is also the top-paying technology all over the world and once you start coding in Rust, you will never love any language as much as this.


Shell is a scripting language used in UNIX and Linux systems. UNIX and Linux systems are the most widely used systems in the industry. Shell helps mitigate the redundancies involved in system administration. There is an increasing demand for UNIX/Linux system administrators and engineers to manage the vast data produced by applications.

Shell has maintained its position in TIOBE Index of most popular languages, which speaks a ton about its reliability and usefulness. The Github Octoverse has placed Shell in the top languages used for open source projects, that means Shell is here not just to stay but grow as well.


PHP runs the web. Yes, more than 80% code on the web is PHP as it is the language of choice for back-end web development. PHP was originally designed by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995 as an HTML-embedded scripting language.

The sheer number of websites made using PHP is mind-blowing. Facebook, Digg, Flickr uses it as do most popular CMS, WordPress, and Joomla. PHP is very easy to learn and use. The job trends for PHP are high and you can easily get into the industry with it.

PHP is keeping pace with other technologies like node.js and it is likely to be as popular in the future as it is now.


If you are a tech geek and want to have a great future in the Information Technology, then you must be having questions like “Which Programming Languages to learn in 2018” or “Which Programming Language has the brightest future?”. Then, this list is exclusively for you. The Top 13 Programming Languages we have gathered here are very useful in this era of Digitalisation and capture a great potential for the upcoming future.

The Technologies change every day and we have to cope with the industry at the very step. Just like Android gained vast recognition. All the above-mentioned languages are most likely to get a giant leap in the certain future. Choose one that matches your forte and get involved in the Technology to create and innovate an awesome future with it.

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